Teaching the atheist youth what it means to be thoroughly rational in a world which is devoid of God.
Captain Hook and the Rainbow (1998)
A humorous, instructive and alternative view of space. Located on the translation of the Critique of Pure Reason, addendum to Appendix II.2, on or near page 799.
Development of the Empirical Concept (8/24/00)
Prompted by an essay by Andrew Carpenter on this subject I seek to show that Kant's thinking with regard to the development of empirical concepts is consistent with the rest of his theory of knowledge.
Kant's Proof of Freedom (1/7/99).
A draft commentary on Kant's proof of the reality of freedom as presented in Section 6 of the Critique of Practical Reason, pp 53 and 54. -- Appendix added 1/9/99 to incorporate a report of teaching ethics in a technical university and an analysis of the implications of that report. This entire essay is still very drafty and needs editing and even to be reformulated, but the basic logic is clear. Briefly and illustratively: the penchant of Don Quixote to spy giants where others saw windmills is evidence of a pathological disturbance; the penchant of Don Quixote to do honorable things as a result of the moral law is not evidence of a pathological disturbance; although, from a strict understanding of the psychologist, the two penchants are indistinguishable; the reason for this differentiation? the psychologist is also subject to the moral law.
Third Analogy Very Briefly Considered (8/6/06)
An attempted exposition of this analogy.
In Aid of Trinitarians (2001 2001 2015).
A consideration of real "multinities" and how they can provide an analogy for a trinity. Based on Kant's fascination with incongruent counterparts like the left and right hands.
A consideration of the criteria for judging of an alleged communication of God.
Highest Good. (7/22/06)
The purpose of the moral law is the Highest Good, i.e., moral perfection and commensurate happiness, which calls for immortality for the soul and an omnipotent and moral God.
Aesthetic versus Axioms or Kant's Contradiction? (8/2/00)
There is an apparent discrepancy in Kant's treatment of space and time in the Aesthetic and in the Axioms of Envisagement (in the Analytic) of the Critique of Pure Reason. Here I have sought to reconcile these two sections and have done so by means of the difference between the "infinite givens" of time and space (per the Aesthetic) and the determination of spaces and times (of the Axioms).
Hume's Bafflement (5/16/01)
Hume was not able to explain how it was that he could know that his table did not get smaller as it most obviously seemed to when further removed from him. This is the required explanation. (See Hume's Enquiry, Section 118.)
These have been translated for the personal use of the translator and are made available here to all who might be interested.
Considerable editing is on-going